Sprains And Strains
Sprains and strains: strains are caused by twisting or pulling a muscle or tendon. Sprains are caused by falling, twisting, or getting hit can force a joint out of its normal position. These injuries can cause damage to the ligament around the joint and cause it to stretch or tear. Sprains typically occur with events such as with a fall (landing on an outstretched arm), or from a fall on the side of the foot or a sudden twist to a knee. Both sprains and strains can happen suddenly or develop over time.
A sudden sprain or strain injury is caused by:
- A recent injury.
- Lifting heavy objects the wrong way
- Overstressing the muscles, tendons, or ligaments.
Chronic strains are usually caused by moving the muscles and tendons the same way over and over again.
For acute injury: (R.I.C.E)
- Rest the injured area.
- Ice the injury for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. (2-3 x/Day)
- Compress (squeeze) the injured area using a special bandage, cast or splint. (An Ace Bandage works fine)
- Elevate the injured area.
The doctor may recommend taking medicines, such as aspirin or ibuprofen to help reduce swelling and inflammation. Our Rego Park Queens physical therapists are here to help get you back up and running regardless of the cause or severity of the injury. Call today 718-866-3738.
Checkout here to know more about sports related injuries.
Sprains and Strains Causes and Treatment
Sprains and strains are quite common to the general public. Although sprains and strains happen quite often to people who play sports sprain and strains can happen to anyone.
The Difference Between Sprains and Strains
Many people use the terms sprains and strains interchangeably, but there actually is a difference between a sprain and strain. A sprain is caused by an injury to a ligament and normally occurs when people fall with their arms outstretched, land or slide on the side of their foot, or twist their knee with their foot planted firmly on the ground. Sprains can run from mild to moderate to severe and are usually the result of an immediate action making them an acute injury.
Strains on the other hand is an injury to the muscle or tendon. Common types of strains is back strain, hamstring or tendonitis. Strains may be acute or chronic and may run from a mild strain to a severe strain.
When to See A Sprain and Strain Doctor Near Me
Not all sprains and strains require you being seen by a doctor, however you should see a doctor in the following situations:
- • If you are feeling severe pain and cannot put weight on the affect joint.
- • The injured area appears crooked or has lumps or bumps not seen on the other joint
- • You are unable to walk more than 4 steps without feeling significant pain
- • The joint gives way when you attempt to use it.
- • You have numbness or see red streaks in the affected area
- • You have pain, swelling or redness over the bony part of your foot or wrist.
In most cases the treatment for sprains and strains is two fold. The first part of the treatment requires you to rest the injury limp for 24 to 48 hours your doctor will probably advise you to also do the following:
- • Place ice packs on the affected area for 20 minutes 4 to 8 times a day.
- • Compress the injured area using an elastic bandage, special boots, splints or air casts your doctor will advise which type of compression bandage is right for injury.
- • Elevate the injury to help reduce swelling. Normally you can simply place a pillow under the affected area to raise it above your heart this helps to reduce swelling.
- • Your doctor may also recommend a mild anti-inflammatory or pain medication to help ease the discomfort of the injury during these first 48 hours.
Once you have started the healing process by reducing the inflammation, and resting the joint your doctor will probably recommend rehabilitation to help speed the healing process and strengthen the area around the injured joint to prevent further or subsequent injuries to the joint.
Mild cases may actually mean that you will be able to do physical therapy exercises in the comfort of your own home (look for a sprain and pain clinic given by your local physical therapy center to learn how to do the exercisers properly) while moderate to severe sprains and strains may require you to go to a knowlegeable sprain and strain physical therapist.
In most cases your physical therapists will work with you in strengthening the area as well as assign you some strengthen exercises to do at home between appointments. Depending on the severity of the injury and how fast you individually heal the rehabilitation phase for sprains and strains could be a couple of weeks to several months or a year. You will need to be patient if you hope to heal properly and completely.